About the settings.php file
settings.php file contains website-specific configuration information, including the Drupal database settings. To view the file in your Drupal codebase, go to
The following list provides examples of settings that you can configure:
The type, username, password, host, and database name settings for your database. In addition, you can set target fall-back databases and the encoding format in which Drupal stores its data, for example UTF-8.
Website URL and subsites
The location and name of one or more directories containing a
settings.phpfile determine which one is addressed when loading your Drupal website(s). This enables you to install multiple Drupal websites or define subsites that run on a single Drupal codebase.
Access control for
By default, the
settings.phpfile blocks access to the update script,
update.php, for non-site-administrators. You should not leave it accessible to other users.
This is an optional setting that establishes the base URL of your website (
http://site_URL) to help resolve conflicts between different website domains.
You can set and alter various PHP settings for your website, such as session lifetime and session cookie lifetime.